Irrigation for Lawn, Drip and Manual Irrigation
Irrigating any type of plantation is vital for its survival and maintenance. Basically, irrigation systems have two types. One is low flow system and the other is high flow system. They are used according to the requirement of the cultivated area or sometimes even used in combination to meet the needs.
Drip Irrigation systems
The low flow system is also called micro-irrigation as the water is used in limited amounts and through controlled sources. The release of water is quite slow and not vigorous which makes it suitable for all soil types and cultivations. It comprises of micro sprays, drip lines or drip emitters. The drip lines are also referred as subsurface drip or inline drip sometimes. They are either laid on ground among the vegetation or sometimes covered in a few inches deep in the mulch. They are to be installed when preparing the land for cultivation.
In the simple drip irrigation system, different kinds of fruits, vegetables and crops are irrigated using inexpensive plastic pipes. The pipes have small holes in them, through which water trickles out and keeps the bottom of the plant damp. The pipe lines are mostly made up of flexible material and the holes are referred as emitters.
This method is feasible for almost all gardens except lawns. The only thing is to manage the water loss and keep it to the minimum. The low head drainage, run offs and over spray need to be avoided especially on non-targeted areas like sidewalks, structures or hardscapes around the garden or lawn.
This method with individual emitters is used to minimize the weeds growing among the vegetation, as water is released on targeted areas only where exactly it is needed. The drip irrigation can be done manually or operated using automated systems.
One of the major drawbacks of drip irrigation is that they get clogged frequently and need timely maintenance. They might need repairs here and there and frequent replacements.
The pipelines are also sometimes damaged by domestic pets or other rodents like, rabbits, gophers or rats etc.
Manual irrigation through water cans, pitchers etc. are simple, conventional and defective for irrigation. There are no technicalities involved except having to watch the water loss. They are cost effective too but require more efficient application.
Manual irrigation is mostly used in areas that need selective, directed and targeted irrigation. It also ensures ample irrigation at the proper time like at the time of germination. But in return to low cost it requires more efficiency and labor on the part of the owner. However, in contrast to drip systems or sprinklers, there are no equipment expenditures or any maintenance charges. They yield high performance especially in limited irrigation areas.